Lyme disease is brought on by bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi that are transmitted to people through a bite from an infected black-legged or deer tick. One of the most common questions that people ask is: how can I tell if I have Lyme disease? Signs can be evident anywhere from 3 to 30 days after the bite and can be extensive, depending on the stage of the infection. In some cases, signs can appear months after the bite.
The possibilities you may get Lyme disease from a tick bite depend on the sort of tick, where you were when the bite happened, and for how long the tick was connected to you. Black-legged ticks must be connected to you for 36 to 48 hours to transfer Lyme disease. If you eliminate the tick or ticks within 48 hours, you aren’t most likely to become contaminated.
If you’re contaminated by the bite of an infected tick, you’re at a greater threat for post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome. If the infection advances to the persistent stage, your signs might continue for weeks, months, or perhaps years after the preliminary tick bite.
If you’re not treated with the advised antibiotics, you may likewise be at a greater risk for these long-term signs. Even people who receive antibiotic treatment are at threat. There’s no way to identify whether it will advance to the persistent phase due to the fact that the cause of post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome is unidentified.
How Can I Tell If I Have Lyme Disease?
How Can I Tell If I Have Lyme Disease: Symptoms
Normally, the symptoms of post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome look like those that occur in earlier stages. People with persistent symptoms typically experience remaining episodes of:
- restless sleep
- discomfort and various pains
- hurting muscles or joints
- pain or swelling in the knees, shoulders, elbows, and other major joints
- reduced short-term memory or capability to concentrate
- speech issues
How Is Lyme Disease Diagnosed?
How Can I Tell If I Have Lyme Disease: Diagnosis
The variable symptoms and signs of Lyme disease are nonspecific and frequently are discovered in other conditions, so medical diagnosis can be challenging. What’s more, the ticks that transmit Lyme disease likewise can pass on other illness at the very same time.
If you don’t have the particular Lyme disease rash, your physician may ask about your medical history, consisting of whether you’ve been outdoors in the summertime where Lyme disease is common, and also undertake a physical examination.
Laboratory tests to determine antibodies to the bacteria can help confirm the diagnosis. These tests are most dependable a few weeks after an infection, after your body has had time to establish antibodies.
The test utilized most typically to identify Lyme disease, ELISA, discovers antibodies to B. burgdorferi. This test may not be favorable during the early stage of Lyme disease, however the rash is distinctive enough to make the diagnosis without more screening in people who live in locations plagued with ticks that transfer Lyme disease.
Western blot test. If the ELISA test is favorable, this test is typically done to validate the diagnosis. In this two-step technique, the Western blot spots antibodies to numerous proteins of B. burgdorferi.
For Lyme Disease Prevention Is Better Than Cure
How Can I Tell If I Have Lyme Disease: Prevention
There are many sensible steps that you and your family can take to prevent contracting Lyme disease.
Ticks often enter the home on a ride. Inspect coats, daypacks, and outdoor camping equipment. Examine gear labels to see if they can be placed in the clothes dryer.
Dogs and cats can get Lyme disease. They can likewise bring ticks into your home, putting household members at danger. Indoor/outdoor animals ought to be checked regularly.
A warm shower or bath will wash away ticks, especially in hard-to-reach locations, that have not yet become engorged. You desire to get rid of the tick within 24 hours. They can also carry ticks into your home, putting household members at risk. Lemon Eucalyptus Oil is believed to drive away ticks and several natural sprays now exist on the market.
Conduct comprehensive tick checks routinely after outdoor activity. Examine yourself and kids for ticks under the arms, around the ears, inside the stomach button, behind the knees, in between the legs, around the waist, and especially in the hair.
Stay to the middle of tracks, prevent long lawns, and refrain from resting on logs or leaning on trees. Be sure to tick-check completely if you cannot avoid.
While many people think of DEET for repelling mosquitoes, it is also an effective repellent against Ticks. If you want even more protection then you can also use permethrin for your clothes. A single application of permethrin to your clothing can supply as much as six weeks of security, after duplicated washings. Lemon eucalyptus oil is thought to ward off ticks and a number of natural organic sprays now exist on the market.
Wear a hat and tuck in your hair.
Wear light-colored clothing. It’s easier to see ticks.
Cover ankles and wrists. Tuck trousers into socks and select long-sleeves.
A warm shower or bath will remove ticks, especially in hard-to-reach areas, that have not yet ended up being engorged. You wish to remove the tick within 24 hours. Clothes need to likewise be cleaned in hot water and/or put in a hot clothes dryer for one hour.
If I Get A Tick, How Do I Remove It?
How Can I Tell If I Have Lyme Disease: Tick Removal
Many people react with panic if they find a tick on their body. That panic frequently leads to removing the tick the wrong way. If you simply try pulling out the tick, or scratching off the tick, the mouth of the tick can still remain lodged in your skin. Leaving the head of the tick in your skin means that the ticks’ mouth remains, and so does the Bb bacteria which causes Lyme disease.
The next panic-style method of trying to remove a tick is to squash it. This method is just as bad as the previous method as you will most likely end up forcing the bacteria into your skin.
The safest way to remove a tick is by using pointed tweezers. Get the tweezers between your skin and the ticks’ mouth and lift directly upward. Ticks can be very awkward if they are particularly small ones, so you may need to have a few goes to get them removed. Always wash your hands and also the area where the tick was as soon as practically possible.
What Does The Rash Look Like From Lyme Disease?
— Ottawa Public Health (@ottawahealth) May 14, 2018
The rash associated with Lyme disease very often looks like a bullseye, but not always. It is also very important to realise that not everyone who gets Lyme disease will develop any rash at all. In fact, a study carried out in Glasgow, UK, revealed that only 4% of their suspected Lyme disease patients had the classic bullseye rash. That statistic is a clear warning to be on-guard for any unusual symptoms at all and not to let the rash be the conclusive evidence.
A Brief Word About Lyme Disease In Dogs
How Can I Tell If I Have Lyme Disease: Dogs
I decided to add this subject as the closing topic to this post because many people who go walking also take their dog with them. Dogs typically respond very well to the treatment offered for Lyme disease.
Only about 10% of positively tested pet dogs will ever establish clinical disease from infection with the Lyme organism. Many vets argue that treatment is not needed for apparently healthy pets. Today we are lucky to have 2 Lyme tests that help us in identifying if the infection is active or not.
You must discuss extra screening with your veterinarian to identify if treatment is called for if your canine tests positive on a screening test. In endemic areas, yearly screening tests for Lyme disease are recommended.
If your dog does develop clinical health problem from Lyme disease, the most common indications are lameness, fever, sleepiness, and enlarged lymph nodes. Clinical illness is anticipated 2-5 months after infection. The majority of pets respond extremely well to antibiotic treatment with Doxycycline or Amoxicillin.